Fatigue Analysis and Optimization of A Multi-Leaf Spring: A Review

[Anshul Deshmukh,Amit Bhende] Volume 1: Issue 2, April 2014

The suspension system in a vehicle significantly affects the behavior of vehicle, i.e. vibration characteristics including ride comfort, stability etc. Leaf springs are commonly used in the vehicle suspension system and are subjected to millions of varying stress cycles leading to fatigue failure. The advantage of leaf spring over helical spring is that the ends of the spring may be guided along a definite path as it deflects to act as a structural member in addition to energy absorbing device. A lot of research has been done for improving the performance of leaf spring. Now the automobile industry has shown interest in the replacement of steel spring with composite leaf spring, since the composite material has high strength to weight ratio and good corrosion resistance. The aim of this paper is to analyze how failure occurs on a leaf spring and to provide preventive measures for the same. There is a review of some papers on the design and analysis of leaf spring performance and fatigue life prediction of leaf spring. There is also the analysis of failure in leaf spring.
Index Terms:-
— failure analysis, leaf spring, FEM, fatigue analysis.
[1] Mouleeswaran Senthil Kumar, Sabapathy Vijayarangan, ―Analytical and Experimental Studies on Fatigue Life Prediction of Steel and Composite Multi-leaf Spring for Light Passenger Vehicles using Life Data Analysis‖, Journal- ISSN 1392-1320, Materials Science, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2007
[2] J.J.Fuentes et al., ―Premature fracture in automobile leaf springs Engineering Failure Analysis‖, P.P.648–655, 2009.
[3]C.K. Clarke and G.E. Borowski, ―Evaluation of a Leaf Spring Failure‖, ASM International p.p. 54-63, 2005.
[4] Y. Prawoto et al., ―Design and failure modes of automotive suspension springs‖, Engineering Failure Analysis 15 (2008), pp.1155–1174.
[5]M.L Aggarwal, V.P. Agrawal, R.A.Khan ―A stress approach model for predictions of fatigue life by shot peening of EN45A spring steel‖ International Journal of Fatigue 28 (2006), pp. 1845–1853.
[6] G Harinath Gowd et al, ―Static analysis of leaf spring‖, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST), Vol. 4 No.08 August 2012, pp. 3795- 3803.
[7] V.K.Aher et al., ―Fatigue Life Prediction of Multi Leaf Spring used in the Suspension System of Light Commercial Vehicle‖, International Journal on Theoretical and Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (IJTARME), Volume1, Issue-1, 2012, pp. 71-77.
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